ACNE, What is it? What Causes it? How to Treat It. | Skindermis, for radiant, blemish free and youthful skin

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ACNE, What is it? What Causes it? How to Treat It.

Posted: Feb 19 2015

ACNE, What is it? What Causes it? How to Treat It.

Understanding Acne

Acne is a type of skin disease of hair follicles in the back, chest and face which affect majority of teenager’s during their puberty and can also continue to affect adults. The latest studies indicate that certain strains of bacteria can aggravate the body’s immune response thereby creating inflammation. In addition, there are other strains of bacteria that can prevent acne outbreaks. This acne appears as occluded pores that are known as whiteheads and blackheads. Tender red bumps that form also referred as zits and pimples.

Acne can be treated using various available products, which do not need prescription. But for severe acne cases, consulting physician is the best thing to do.

Causes of Acne

The cause of acne varies from person to person.  Acne occurs when oil sebaceous glands are that are attached to hair follicles are over stimulated during puberty by male circulating hormones. Sebum oil is natural substance that protects and lubricates the skin. However, when there is too much oil production, there will be a predisposition to plugging the follicular pores. This plug can be seen as whitehead if covered by thin skin layer or if its expose to air, darker portion expose plug is called blackhead.

Plugged hair follicles gradually enlarge produce a bump. When this enlarges, its wall can rupture which will allow normal skin bacteria’s and irritating substance access the deeper layers of the skin, which ultimately produce inflammation. This inflammation near skin surface can produce pustule. Deeper inflammation results in a pimple. If the said inflammation gets deeper and still, it can form a cyst. Below are factors that does not frequently play role in acne.

Here are some factors that don't usually play a part in acne development:

  • Food- most parents frequently tell their kids to avoid greasy, junk and fried foods. Though this type of foods does not harm overall health, it doesn’t cause acne nor make it severe. Even though there are recent studies that implicated that pure chocolate and milk could aggravate the acne condition.
  • Dirt- Remember that blackheads are not dirt but an oxidize oil. Sweat also doesn’t cause acne or produce separate skin glands. Instead excessive washing could irritate and dry the skin.
  • Stress- There are people who gets upset because of their acne, they pick which makes it last longer. However stress does not really play direct role in acne development.

For some, below are the following contributing factors that make their acne in worse condition:

  • Heredity- this factor is unavoidable especially when of the parent had suffered severe acne before. If acne is due to heredity, expect that this are much challenging to control and remove.
  • Pressure- there are some patients that experiences acne due to pressure such as chinstraps, helmets, suspenders, collar and more. This is not mainly a factor of development but aggravation of condition most of the time.
  • Drugs- there are some type of medication can worsen acne like those that contains injected or oral steroids, bromides or iodides. Lithium and anticonvulsant drugs can also aggravate or generate acne.
  • Occupation- since there are jobs that require exposure to some construction and industrial products such as cutting, oils can generate acne.
  • Cosmetics- many skin care products and cosmetics are pore clogging. Due to wide availability of beauty products, it highly recommended to read their ingredients before purchasing and using. It should have water content listed initially if you’re concerned about your acne. Using water-based products prevents occurrence of acne and even worsening of the condition.
  • Excessive Hormone Production-both women and men can produce an excess of the hormone testosterone. This in turn will increase oil production and help create the environment for acne to form.

Acne Treatment

Since almost everyone experience acne at some point in time, proper way of treating such is when it started bothering your or once potential scarring develops. Acne is skin disorder caused by hair follicles and skin glands inflammations. Since this acne forms beneath the skin; washing surface oils away does not cure or prevent it. There are three categories for acne treatment: cleansing and exfoliating, keeping skin clear and medication.

  • Cleansing: Peoples common belief is that they acquire acne due to less through washing. It’s vital for you to have gentle washing, however, excessive washing can irritate the skin with black and white heads which makes it more infected and attracts more pimples to appear. Use mild cleanser that is pH balanced for your skin (slightly acidic). Salicylic and Glycolic cleansers are the right choice.
  • Exfoliating: This is the process that removes dead skin cells later which is vital in achieving healthier skin. Right after washing using mild cleanser, it’s highly recommended to exfoliate the skin using facial scrub once or twice weekly. Through this, debris and dead skin cells that could clog the pores and can cause more acne can be removed.
  • Keeping Skin Clear: to avoid additional pore clogging, all lotions, sunscreens and cosmetics must be oil free. Utilize oil free lotion when skin is dry. To prevent sunburn, you may use oil free product that will make your skin healthy and fairer. Look for beauty products that labels non-comedogenic or non-pore clogging.
  • Reducing Bacteria: You can use topical applications and antibacterial cleansers that will help you in dealing with acne. The topical or external application can come in form of creams, lotions and gels that can be applied on the skin surface or affected area. Sulphur, resorcinol and benzoyl peroxide are some active ingredients that kills surface bacteria’s.  However, some studies have shown that benzoyl peroxide may not be effective over 50% of the time.
  • Reduce Oil: Since oil glands cannot be controlled from generating oils, you can get it rid of it by using products that contain alpha hydroxyl acids or glycolic acid that are useful in clearing skin by causing superficial skin layer to peel.

Skin Deep Pharmaceuticals offers topical products that provide some of the best acne treatments available without a prescription.  Their products changes the skin at the cellular level and are formulated with the correct pH to allow deeper skin penetration. Skin Deep Pharmaceutical's products are known to be highly effective in dealing with acne and other skin conditions such as wrinkles, sun damage, age spots, and hyper-pigmentation.  

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